Oppressive Environments: an Analytical Investigation of the Role of Buildings and Settings

Document Type : علمی - پژوهشی


Assistant Professor, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Shahid Beheshti University


There are both pleasant and unpleasant forces originating from the environment which can either interest or disinterest the observer. Humans try to make a pleasing balance with these environmental forces. A most common experience of presence in the mid of high-rise buildings with non-conventional configurations or disproportional settings leads one to attempt to leave the disinteresting forces. This study investigates the dimensions and extents of the forces which make the environment unpleasant and oppressive. After a literature review of oppressive environments, structural parameters and physical aspects of buildings are introduced. Through a descriptive-analytic investigation, the significance of the body of the building as the main oppressing factor and of the size of setting as the key parameter lessening it. The results of this research can be used to determine appropriate building densities and proper mass and space configurations.


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