The Architecture of ‘Baq Takht’ Garden in Shiraz

Document Type : علمی - پژوهشی


1 Assistant Professor, School of Architecture and Urban Planning, Shahid Beheshti University

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‘Baq Takht’, a garden with nearly a thousand years history was very majestic in the mid Qajar era. This royal garden was like a kingdom throne overlooking the city. The three ‘Baq Estakhr’, ‘Baq Motabbaq’, and ‘Baq Khalvat’ were like its introduction, center, and end. From one point, ‘Baq Khalvat’ was the most prominent part and on the other hand, the three parts of the garden were rivals. ‘Baq Takht’ similar to the continuous Persian gardens, illustrated the concept of “a world within a world” however, its three parts were coherent. The alcove, which rested between the ‘Baq Khalvat’ and ‘Baq Motabbaq’, oversaw everywhere and in combination with the ‘Baq Motabbaq’ appeared to be a large and terraced building that owned the context.Its double faced Iwan seemed to be the microcosm of the whole garden. The seven terraces of ‘Baq Motabbaq’ was the seven ‘Khans’ bearing great meanings and guided one to up and down, and left and right to experience unique diverse views.The Pavilions displayed a different variation of views and garden profiles. The refinement of ‘Baq Motabbaq’ with different elements was in connection with the general idea. ‘Baq Motabbaq’ in conjunction with the other two parts of the garden, bears many lessons in architectural and open space design.