The Criteria for ‘Rhythmanalysis’ of Everyday Life in Social Production of Urban Space Based on Research Experiments

Document Type : Original Article


1 Associate Professor, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Tehran University of Art

2 PhD Candidate, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Tehran University of Art


The present-day urban spaces have severed their ties with time and place, and hence the widespread empty spaces failing to correspond with citizens’ lived experience. To avoid this, it is necessary to pay attention to the modes of production and organisation of space analytically. Henri Lefebvre’s proposal for doing this is through ‘rhythmanalysis’. The aim of this research is to seek the main criteria for this theory in urban studies. To do so, the three main theories of Lefebvre, namely, the Production of Space, the Trialectics of Space and Rhythmanalysis were focused, with their theoretical background studied through various previous researches. The findings show that there are three types of urban spaces whose rhythms are influenced by climate, culture and technique. The criteria for rhythmanalysis in the perceived space include the explanation of interactions between physical and climatic, cultural and technical components as well as their effects on spatial perception. In the conceived space we are faced with criteria based on technics and the dominance mechanisms imposed by technical institutions and their effects on rhythms. In the lived space, the criteria are influenced by presence, occasions and events which result in multiple rhythms. It is in the lived space that various groups are looking for appropriation of space and resistance against the conceived space in order to achieve their desired consumption of space through their presence and the manifestation of their activities’ rhythms. This is how the lived space and the daily life rhythms are manifested under the influence of culture, climate and technique.


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