Conservation and Restoration Solutions for the Historical Site of Farah-abad (Sari)

Document Type : علمی - پژوهشی


1 Assistant Professor, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Shahid Beheshti University

2 Msc. Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Shahid Beheshti University


Conservation and restoration of valuable remaining historical sites result in the preservation of identity and cultural improvement in a city or a region.
There are presently two significant issues current in Farah-abad historical site, i.e., development and conservation. Keeping a balance between the two approaches has always been a challenge. The convergence of the two approaches is possible by equalizing their criteria, strategies, and plans. The development process is currently heterogeneous and unbalanced because of the ignorance toward the site’s past natural/historical environment. The historical site, the historic town, and the natural environment are three main components based upon whose past and present values and their interrelationships the conservation of the whole Farah-abad region is possible.
This is a case study research using a qualitative descriptive-historical methodology. Information was collected by field observations and library research. After an assessment of damages induced by development, the authors provided solutions to a balanced integration of development and conservation by taking into consideration the natural-historical value criteria and planning with regard to local culture and economy— promoting economic self-sufficiency of the region leading to self-conservation.