Technology, Architecture and Sustainability

Document Type : مقاله کوتاه


Visiting Lecturer, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Shahid Beheshti University


Sustainable development means responding to current needs without compromising needs of the future generations. Sustainable construction thus tries to minimize the building impact on energy resources, environment and ecology. Sustainable use of energy therefore, makes effective use of environmental resources, responds to social values and draws on creative solutions—in particular solutions adapted to local conditions. Technology includes three major components: hardware, i.e. materials and equipment; software or tools that affect decisions; and a knowledgebase. It is argued that the concept of sustainability should be applied to all three components.

  1. Christopher, N. SUSTAINABILITY REPORT, Sustainability Initiative ,College of Interdisciplinary Studies, October 2005.
  2. Cook, S. J. and B. L. Golton, “Sustainable Development”, in Sage, (2003).
  3. Dally, H. Beyond The Limits, Earth Scan Publication, 1992.
  4. Davis, C. High Tech Architecture, Italy: Rizzoli, 1988.
  5. DEFRA. Sustainable Indicator in your Pocket, London: Department of Environment, Food and Rural Affair, 2004.
  6. Deldar , N. and M. Tahsildoost.”To Restate Traditional Sustainable Solution”, in Iranian Tradiditional Natural Ventilation, AIVC Conference on Building Low Energy Cooling and Advanced Ventilation Technologies in the 21st Century
  7. Dodds, S. Hatfield. “Pathways and Paradigms for Sustainable Human Communities”, in Open House International Pub., (1999).
  8. du Plessis, C. Programme for Sustainable Human Settlements, A Strategic Framework for Sustainable Construction in Developing Countries, South Africa: CSIR Building , 2006.
  9. Feenberg, A. Questioning Technology, London: Routledge, 1999.
  10. Gordon, H. Sustainable Design Goes Main Stream, New York: Sustainable Architecture White Papers, 2000.
  11. Grimshow , N. RAIA National Conference, Australia: Carins, Oct. 1998.
  12. Guy S. and G. Farmer. “Reinterpreting Sustainable Architecture: The Place of Technology”, in Journal of Architectural Education, (Feb. 2001), pp 140-149.
  13. Guy S. and G. Farmer. Contested Constructions: “The Competing Logics of Green Building & Ethics” Warwick fox, Ethics & the Built Environment, London: Routledge, 2001.
  14. Hagun, S. A New Contract Between Architecture and Nature, Axford: Architectural Press, 2000.
  15. Hardoy, J. E. & D. Miltin & D. Satterthwaite. Environmental Problems in an Urbanizing World, Lomdon: Earthscan, 2001.
  16. Hirsch_ Kreinsen, H. & David Jacobson & Paul L. Robertson. Low-tech’ Industries: Innovativeness and Development Perspectives—A Summary of a European Research Project, Routledge, 2006.
  17. Macnaghton, Phil and John Urry. Contested Nature, London: Sage Publ, 1998.
  18. Mathur, D. Examining the Technological Approach to Environmentally Sustainable Architecture in India, PHD thesis, Melborn University, Australia, 2007.
  19. Maxman, Suzan. “Shaking the Rafters”, in Journal of Architectural Education, p. 39.
  20. Montgomery, R. “Efficiency: The Sustainability Criterion That Provides Useful Guidance for Statistical Research”, Ottawa, Canada: EUROSTAT, October 2001, pp. 1-8.
  21. Moore, Steven A. “Technology and the Politics of Sustainability”, Journal of Architectural Education, (Sep. 1997), pp. 23- 31.
  22. Moore, Steven A. & Simon Guy. “Sustainable Architecture and the Pluralist Imagination”, in Jurnal of Architectural Education, (2007), pp.15- 23.
  23. Myers, Danny. Construction Economics, London: Tylor And Francis, 2005.
  24. Ray-Jones, Anna. Sustainable Arch in Japan, America: John Wiley pub., 2000.
  25. Sabestyen, Gyula and Chris Pollington, “New Architecture and Technology”, Architectural press, British Library, London ,(2003).
  26. Sassi, Paolo. Strategies for Sustainable Architecture, Taylor and Francis, 2006.
  27. Scott, Andrew. Dimension of Sustainability, NewYork: Routledge, 2005.
  28. Slessor, Catherin. Eco-tech, Thames & Hudson publ, 1997.
  29. Thomas, Derek. Architecture and the Urban Environment, CapeTown: Architectural Press, 2002
  30. Vermaas, Pieter E. & Peter Kroes & Andrew Light & Steven A. Moore. Phylosophy and Design, from Engineering to Architecture, Springer, 2007,
  31. Wang, Wilfried. “Sustainability Is a Cultural Problem”, in Harvard Design Magazine, No.18, 2003.
  32. Williamson, Terry. & Antony Radford & Helen Bennetts. Understanding Sustainable Architecture, London: Taylor & francis, 2004.
  33. Wines, J. The Art of Architecture in the Age of Ecology, New York: Sustainable Architecture White papers, 2000.
  34. Woodgate, G. and M. Redclift. “From Society of Nature to Environmental Sociology”, in Environmental Values Mag. 7, (1998).