The 'Baq Takht' Garden in Shiraz

Document Type : مقاله کوتاه


1 Assistant Professor, School of Architecture and Urban Planning, Shahid Beheshti University

2 -


According to historical references, the 'Baq Takht' Garden was built during late 11th or early 12th century, on the north of Shiraz plain on the south of Baba Koohi Mountain. It was originally Named 'Takht-e-Qarache'. In the 17th century, it inspired the Ilkhanid rulers and their architects. In the Safavid period, there was a lake beneath it. Towards the end of Safavid period or probably under the reign of the Zandieh Dynasty, it included a building on top, a water channel on the hillside and a pool beneath. At the beginning of Qajar Dynasty, a new building replaced the old and the garden was renamed as 'Takht-e-Qajar'. In the middle of this period, the sloped garden was terraced in an elaborate design. By the end of this period, the garden experienced a period of depression. Under the Pahlavi reign, parts of the garden were reconstructed, yet its design was modified. The garden was subsequently included in the military campus and is now partially demolished.